Vision Therapy, also known as vision training, is used to improve vision skills such as eye movement control, eye
focusing and coordination, and the teamwork of the two eyes. It involves a series of procedures carried out under
professional supervision, usually by a specially-trained optometrist.
Vision therapy can be prescribed when a comprehensive eye examination indicates that it is an appropriate treatment option for the patient. The specific program of therapy is based on the results of standardized tests, the needs of the patient, and the patient's signs and symptoms. Programs typically involve eye exercises and the use of lenses, prisms, filters, occluders, specialized instruments, and computer programs. The course of therapy, which may take from several weeks to several months, is closely monitored by the therapist.
Vision Therapy encompasses a wide variety of non-surgical methods which are divided into two broad categories based on their clinical acceptance and general practice by eyecare professionals.
Orthoptic Vision Therapy, Behavioral Vision Therapy, or Visual Integration Vision Therapy and Perception (motor) Therapy are the different categories of Vision Therapy.