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What is a Healthy Lifestyle?

A healthy lifestyle is about incorporating healthy practices in daily life, which could reduce lot of health problems.

What should be the focus of a healthy lifestyle?

A healthy lifestyle focuses on incorporating emotional, environmental, financial, intellectual, occupational, physical, social and spiritual aspects of wellbeing into one’s life. Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

A healthy lifestyle is one which helps to keep and improve people's health and well-being. A healthy lifestyle is important for everyone. When we are physically healthy, we feel better, more relaxed and better able to cope with things.

What are the components of Healthy Lifestyle?

The components of Healthy lifestyle for our overall fitness are Family traditions, Health education, Likable occupation, Safe environment, Adequate nutrition, Physical fitness, Absence of bad habits or addiction, Personal hygiene, Love and tenderness, Positive social communication.

What are the effects of our lifestyle choices on health?

The origin of an illness is usually tied in with our lifestyle choices and habits.

Genetics could be the cause of of some medical problems, but experts indicate that as much as 75% of the major illnesses are due to their habits and lifestyle.

How can one benefit from leading Healthy Lifestyle?

A healthy lifestyle can significantly decrease diseases and increase the life expectancy.

Healthy lifestyle could benefit our immune system, lungs, mood, weight, blood pressure, heart health, cholesterol levels.

Healthy lifestyle can reverse aging, help with sleep, increase self esteem, control stress and cuts the risk of cancer.

Why is stress a need of life?

Stress being natural in life is much needed and is unavoidable. Stress makes our body to expand itself in accomplishing much needed improvments.

But too much of stress can compromise our health by manifesting in physical, mental and emotional illness.

And the occurence of most of the diseases is linked to stress accumulation.

What are the sources of stress?

The biggest sources of stress are given below:

* Lifestyle is the biggest source of stress.

* Food we eat is another source of stress.

* Environment we live and its pollution brings unwanted stress to individuals.

* Technological advancements have added stress factor associated with them.

What are the effects of stress on our health?

Stress can affect a person's health physically, mentally and emotionally. On the physical side of things, prolonged exposure to excess stress will lead to chronic illnesses.

On mental side stress can cause a number of mental health problems.

On the emotional side, stress can make a person miserable.

What are the external causes for increased stress?

External causes of stress:

* Major life changes

* Work or school

* Relationship difficulties

* Financial problems

* Being too busy

* Children and family

What are the internal causes for increased stress?

Internal causes of stress:

* Chronic worry

* Pessimist attitude

* Negative self-talk

* Unrealistic expectations

* Lack of flexibility

* All-or-nothing attitude

What is the best way to manage stress?

The best way to manage stress is to get the required amount of sleep, eat a nutritious and balanced diet, engage in relaxation techniques and physical activities.

Relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation, breathing techniques can help manage stress effectively with little effort.

Physical activities like exercising daily, brisk walking or joining a jim might help reduce stress levels.

How to get the right amount of sleep for a healthy lifestyle?

The amount of sleep required is different from person to person. The best way to find your optimal sleep requirement is to experiment by starting with 8 hours of sleep and reducing go on reducing it by 15 minutes after every 3 days until you find yourself waking up before your alarm and feeling fresh after waking up.

What are the benefits of having a good nights sleep?

By giving the required rest to the body one can better heal their body from daily wear and tear. They can achieve a better cardiovascular health, decrese blood pressure and stress hormones, increased energy, better memory and clarity of thought, improved mood and better appetite regulation.

What are the effects of insufficient sleep?

The downside of not getting enough sleep: your irritability increases, creativity plummets, you feel less inspired and you can become more stubborn, while you may also experience headaches, stomach upsets and other bodily signs.

What are the benefits of having a nutritious and balanced diet?

Consuming a balanced, adequate and varied diet is an important step towards a happy and healthy lifestyle.

The Benefits of consuming a balanced diet are:

* Vitamins and minerals in the diet are vital to boost immunity and healthy development

* A healthy diet can protect the human body against certain types of diseases, in particular noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer and skeletal conditions.

* Healthy diets can also contribute to an adequate body weight.

* Healthy eating is a good opportunity to enrich life by experimenting with different foods from different cultures, origins and with different ways to prepare food.

* The benefits of eating a wide variety of foods are also emotional, as variety and colour are important ingredients of a balance diet.

What are the recommendations made by WHO to promote and support healthy lifestyle?

To ensure a healthy lifestyle, WHO recommends eating lots of fruits and vegetables, reducing fat, sugar and salt intake and exercising. Based on height and weight, people can check their body mass index (BMI) to see if they are overweight. WHO provides a series of publications to promote and support healthy lifestyles.

What are the steps promoted by World Health Organization for promoting and supporting healthy lifestyle?

12 steps to healthy eating proposed by WHO are:

Eat a nutritious diet based on a variety of foods originating mainly from plants, rather than animals.

Eat bread, grains, pasta, rice or potatoes several times per day.

Eat a variety of vegetables and fruits, preferably fresh and local, several times per day (at least 400 g per day).

Maintain body weight between the recommended limits (a BMI of 18.5–25) by taking moderate levels of physical activity, preferably daily.

Control fat intake (not more than 30% of daily energy) and replace most saturated fats with unsaturated vegetable oils or soft margarines.

Replace fatty meat and meat products with beans, legumes, lentils, fish, poultry or lean meat.

Use milk and dairy products (kefir, sour milk, yoghurt and cheese) that are low in both fat and salt.

Select foods that are low in sugar, and eat refined sugar sparingly, limiting the frequency of sugary drinks and sweets.

Choose a low-salt diet. Total salt intake should not be more than one teaspoon (6 g) per day, including the salt in bread and processed, cured and preserved foods. (Salt iodization should be universal where iodine deficiency is endemic.)

If alcohol is consumed, limit intake to no more than 2 drinks (each containing 10 g of alcohol) per day.

Prepare food in a safe and hygienic way. Steam, bake, boil or microwave to help reduce the amount of added fat.

Promote exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months, and the introduction of safe and adequate complementary foods from the age of about 6 months. Promote the continuation of breastfeeding during the first years of life.

What are the effects of not eating a balanced diet?

Your body requires variety and specific amounts of nutrients to function properly and perform the activities of daily life. If your body does not get those nutrients, which is common when eating an unbalanced diet, it can develop health problems.

Why is physical activity essential for us?

Regular physical activity is essential for healthy growth and development of children.

It allows daily tasks to be accomplished with greater ease and comfort and with less fatigue for adults.

For seniors, weight-bearing physical activity reduces the rate of bone loss associated with osteoporosis.

Regular physical activity also maintains strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination, and can help reduce the risk of falls.

Being physically active not only strengthens your body, it also makes you feel good about yourself.

Can physical activity contribute to healthy lifestyle?

Regular physical activity contributes to a healthier lifestyle by lowering cholesterol, decreasing the risk of heart disease and other life threatening diseases, and burning excess fat which adds to various health risks.

Other benefits of exercise include self esteem, increased energy, and mood enhancement.

Physical activity can also play a role in getting a restful, good night’s sleep.

Can physical activity boost mental wellness?

One can notice a "feel good sensation" immediately following the physical activity, and most people also note an improvement in general well-being over time during the weeks and months as physical activity becomes a part of the routine.

Regular physical activity can relieve tension, anxiety, depression and anger.

Exercise increases the flow of oxygen which directly affects the brain. Mental activity and memory can be improved with physical activity.

Which physical activities can we add to daily life for being healthy?

Physical activity is something that everyone can do. We should look for simple ways to be physically active every day.

One can take a walk once a day, take the stairs instead of the elevator, spend less time in front of the television or computer, play actively with kids, walk, wheel or cycle for short trips.

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