Mindfulness-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is psychological therapy that is designed to aid in preventing the
relapse of depression, specifically in individuals with Major depressive disorder.
It utilizes traditional Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) methods and adds in newer psychological strategies,
like mindfulness and mindfulness meditation.
How is Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy carried out?
Cognitive methods could include educating the participant about depression.
Mindfulness and mindfulness meditation, focus on becoming aware of all incoming thoughts and feelings and
accepting them, but not attaching or reacting to them. Like CBT, MBCT functions on the theory that when
individuals who have historically had depression become distressed, they return back to automatic cognitive
processes that can trigger a depressive episode.
What is the goal of Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy?
The goal of MBCT is to interrupt these automatic processes
and teach the participants to focus less on reacting to incoming stimuli, and instead accepting and observing
them without judgment. This mindfulness practice allows the participant to notice when automatic processes are
occurring and to alter their reaction to be more of a reflection. Research supports the effects of MBCT in people
who have been depressed three or more times and demonstrates reduced relapse rates by 50%.