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Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach to address dysfunctional emotions, behaviors, and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic process.

CBT is based upon a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive research. CBT is effective for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including mood disorders, anxiety, personality disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse and psychotic disorders.

CBT is a generic term for a category - there are many different types of CBT. REBT & CT are the two main types, but there are many others such as DBT, Schema Therapy, etc.

The below video gives a brief overview of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

What are the advantages of CBT?

CBT can be as effective as medicine in treating many types of depression and other mental health disorders.

CBT can be completed in a relatively short period of time compared with other types of talking therapies.

The highly structured nature of CBT means it can be provided in different formats, including in groups, self-help books and computer programs.

Skills you learn in CBT are useful, practical and helpful strategies that can be incorporated into everyday life to help you cope better with future stresses and difficulties.

What are the disadvantages of CBT?

To benefit from CBT, you need to commit yourself to the process. A therapist can help and advise you, but cannot make your problems go away without your co-operation.

Due to the structured nature of CBT, it may not be suitable for people with more complex mental health needs or learning difficulties.

Some critics argue that because CBT only addresses current problems and focuses on specific issues, it does not address the possible underlying causes of mental health conditions, such as an unhappy childhood.

CBT focuses on the individual’s capacity to change themselves (their thoughts, feelings and behaviours), and does not address wider problems in systems or families that often have a significant impact on an individual’s health and wellbeing.

How effective is CBT?

CBT can help you manage problems, such as anxiety and depression and make them less likely to have a negative impact on your life.

There is always a risk that bad feelings you associate with your problem will return, but with your CBT skills it should be easier for you to control them.

Even after you are feeling better and your sessions have finished, it is important you practise your CBT skills. Some research suggests CBT may be better than antidepressants at preventing the return of depression. ‘Refresher’ CBT courses are also available if you feel you need to go through skills you have learnt again.

What are the limitations of CBT?

In order to benefit from cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) you need to ensure that you give a considerable level of commitment and involvement.

Due to the structured nature of CBT, it may not be suitable for people who have more complex mental health needs, or learning difficulties.

CBT can only addresses current problems, and focuses on very specific issues, it does not address the possible underlying causes of mental health conditions, such as an unhappy childhood.

Which conditions can be helped by cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)?

CBT has been shown to help people with various mental health conditions and physical conditions.

For example:

* Anxiety disorders, including phobias, panic attacks and panic disorder

* Obsessive-compulsive disorder


* Eating disorders - eg, bulimia nervosa

* Body dysmorphic disorder

* Anger and stress management

* Post-traumatic stress disorder

* Sexual and relationship problems

* Habits such as facial tics

* Drug or alcohol abuse

* Some sleep problems

* Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)

*Persistent (chronic) pain

* Child behavioural problems

How to start with Cognitive Behavior Therapy?

1. CBT can be started by finding appropriate therapist trained in Cognitive Behavior Therapy and undergoing therapy through the therapist.

2. By learning CBT skills by ourself and using the same for self improvment or for improving others. CBT can be learned under the guidance of a therapist or through online courses.

How to understand the basics of Cognitive Behavior Therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy For Dummies provides the best explanation of CBT and the practical advice CBT gives. This book explains how CBT technique works and how much it can help us. This book covers a wide range of psychological problems like depression, anger, lack of self-confidence etc.

Can we learn Cognitive Behavior Therapy by ourself?

Learning Cognitive-Behavior Therapy: An Illustrated Guide is an excellent resource for learning Cognitive Behavior Therapy. This is an easy-to-use guidebook with full explanations of the most effective behavioral methods. This program is designed for achieving competency that covers both basic methods for patients with depression and anxiety and advanced techniques for patients with bipolar disorder, psychosis, and eating and personality disorders.

How to practice Cognitive Behavior Therapy by ourself?

We can follow cognitive behavior therapy workbooks to validate the effectiveness by measuring the extent to which we have reached our goals.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Workbook For Dummies provides the ideas and concepts presented in the bestselling Cognitive Behavioural Therapy For Dummies and provides exercises to put those ideas into practice. This workbook features a range of hands-on CBT exercises and techniques for beating anxiety or depression, boosting your self-esteem, losing weight, or simply improving your outlook on life.

Do we have any specific Workbooks of Cognitive Behavior Therapy by Children?

Think Good - Feel Good: A Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Workbook for Children and Young People is a lively workbook which covers the core elements used in CBT programmes but conveys these ideas to children and young people in an understandable way and uses real life examples familiar to them.

The concepts introduced to the children can be applied to their own unique set of problems through the series of practical exercises and worksheets.

Can Cognitive Behavior Therapy be used for Personal Development?

Cognitive Behavior Therapy can be used for personal development by changing negative and distorted beliefs into positive beliefts.

Can Cognitive Behavior Therapy be used for Professional Development?

CBT can we used for professional development by enabling the seeker to develop new skills in self management for boosting workplace performance and productivity.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Resources